Seborrheic Dermatitis is a common inflammatory condition that can cause redness, scaling, and flaking of the skin. It has a predilection for the scalp, face, and chest, and can affect up to 5% of the population. It commonly presents as redness and scaling on the scalp and central face (usually around the brows and nose). Patients may also experience irritation and itching of the skin. While the exact cause of seborrheic dermatitis is unknown, it may be due to a combination of environmental and genetic factors with overproduction of oil (sebum) in the skin and subsequent inflammation. Some studies suggest that it may involve an inflammatory reaction to a type of yeast that grows on oily skin, although this has not been proven. Seborrheic dermatitis can also be aggravated by illness, emotional stress, changes in weather, and certain medications.
While there are a variety of treatment options for seborrheic dermatitis, it tends to have a chronic and recurring course with periodic flares. Treatment options include:
A combination of these medications and shampoos can be very effective in controlling the symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis.